COLLAPSE AND DECLINE OF WORLD CIVILIZATION
TWO PARTS TO THIS PAPER
DETAILED OUTLINE (3 PAGES) AS SUGGESTED BELOW
THEN 13 PAGE PAPER BASED ON OUTLINE
TOPIC-ALTHOUGH ALL WORLD CIVILIZATION EVENTUALLY COLLAPSE OR DECLINE IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER,THREE OF THE GREATEST CIVILIZATIONS OF THE AMERICAS- THE MAYA, THE AZTEC AND THE INCA-UNDERWENT PARTICULARLY SPECTACULAR COLLAPSES. FAGAN DISCUSSES CONTRUBUTING FACTORS SUCH AS ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, ECOLOGICAL STRESS ENDEMIC WARFARE, COMPETITION FOR TRADE, AND RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL (SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL) FLUCTUATIONS. EVALUATE EACH OF THESE EXPLANATIONS WITH SPECIFIC REFERENCES TO THE COLLAPSE OF MAYA,INCA AND AZTEC CIVILIZATIONS. ARCHAEOLOGISTS SUGGEST THAT UNDERSTANDING HOW AN WHY ANCIENT SOCIETIES COLLAPSED IS CRUCIAL FOR THE LONG TERM SURVIVAL OF TODAYS CIVILIZATION. HOW CAN WE BENEFIT BY STUDYING THE COLLAPSE OF ANCIENT SOCIETIES.
ORGANIZE PAPER AND OUTLINE AS SHOWN BELOW
Theme- Discussion of Collapse
Theme- Discussion of Classic Period Maya Collapse
Theme- Discussion of Aztec Collapse
Theme- Discussion of Inca Collapse
Here are suggestions for the Introduction and Conclusion. Do as you have done by crafting a paragraph. However, you need to include the dates of each polity in parentheses after their name in the Introduction. You should discussion in a few sentences the issue of collapse. Lastly, you will be specific is saying what you will show re: the collapse of each polity. This could be worded in the following way:
"In the following paper the writer will show that ____ and ____ are the most likely factors involved in the CP Maya collapse; ____, ___ and ___ in the Aztec collapse and ___ and __ in the Inca collapse. Some factors will be similar and some different.
After the Introduction you need a section that is about 1-1.5 pages long where you you define "collapse", list the changes that come with the collapse of early states, list and very briefly discuss some of the common theories about causes of collapse.
Theme- Discussion of the Rise of Civilization
Subtheme- Definition of Civilization (Smith 2006)
Subtheme- Characteristics of Civilization (Jones 2010)
Subtheme- Theories of the Rise of Civilization (Brown 2002, White 2009, Smith 2012)
When you move into the 3 sections on the 3 polities you need to provide information about each polity before embarking on a discussion of the collapses. Topcs to include: geographic location, dates of polity, achievements of polity, type of political system, economic system, etc. Then move to identify causes of collapse. These can be listed as subsubthemes under the subtheme of collapse. Provide the sources you will use for each.
For the paper you want to include discussion of lessons to be learned from these polities re: our own civilization. Are there weaknesses in contemporary North America, what are they, could they lead to collapse? Are there any parallels to these early states?
You need to provide empirical evidence to support your discussion of theories. Do not say that so and so says that drought was a cause. You are expected to identify the evidence that there was drought.
do not combine the polities when discussing cuases of collapse because this is confusing to the reader.
ALSO, PLEASE, PAGE NUMBERS MUST BE IN THE TEXT WHEN SOURCES ARE CITED
SOURCES SUGGESTED BY INSTRUCTOR
Moseley, Michael. The Incas and Their Ancestors. Thames and Hudson, 2001.
Norman Yoffee. Myths of the Archaic State: Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States and Civilizations. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Bruce G. Trigger. Understanding Early Civilizations: A Comparative Study. Cambridge University Press.
George L. Cowgill. “Origins and Development of Urbanism: Archaeological Perspectives”. Annual Review of Anthropology 33, 525-549, 2004.
Helaine, Silverman. Editor. Andean Archaeology. 2004.
Bruhns, Karen Olson. Ancient South America. Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Wilson, David J. Indigenous South Americans of the Past and Present. Westview Press, 1999.
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