strategies of KM im multicultural organizations

strategies of KM im multicultural organizations

Multicultural workforces
common feature among Saudi Arabian hospitals. examine strategic knowledge management in Hospitals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.This trend is started decades ago and expected to continue into the next century. According to the latest country reports, 61 % of the hospital professionals in S. A are expatriate workers; which could create talents of the workforce if managed appropriately. Those employers. Companies need to learn to value this diversity and learn to manage in such a way that "you don’t manage everyone the same, you manage everyone fairly. This chapter includes a review of the research method and design appropriateness, a discussion of the population and sample. In addition, Chapter 3

Research Questions

 

 

independent variables (IV) and dependent variables (DV). The dependent variable is the response or the criterion variable, which is caused or influenced by the independent treatment conditions. The independent variables, which are under the control of the researcher, provide the treatment or act as factors in the study. (Note: if you are doing a qualitative study, there are no IVs and DVs; if you are doing a correlational study, refer to the variables a ‘research variables’ rather than IV/DV)
The research design establishes a logical sequence of events in the research process. The length of this section depends upon the number of tests performed and the results expected.
A detailed explication of each point of each selected method is required to adequately document the study for replication.
You should include these elements:
1. Provide a detailed rationale for the research method (quantitative or mixed) appropriateness, including a discussion of why the selected method was chosen instead of another. Explain why the quantitative method was selected instead of the qualitative method.
2. Provide a detailed rationale explaining why the proposed research design (experimental, quasiexperimental, nonexperimental, for example) is appropriate to the study. Do not merely list and describe a variety of research designs, but explain why the chosen design is appropriate.
3. Explain how the proposed design will accomplish the study goals
Exploratory Design
Definition and Purpose
An exploratory design is conducted about a research problem when there are few or no earlier studies to refer to. The focus is on gaining insights and familiarity for later investigation or undertaken when problems are in a preliminary stage of investigation.
The goals of exploratory research are intended to produce the following possible insights:
? Familiarity with basic details, settings and concerns.
? Well grounded picture of the situation being developed.
? Generation of new ideas and assumption, development of tentative theories or hypotheses.
? Determination about whether a study is feasible in the future.
? Issues get refined for more systematic investigation and formulation of new research questions.
? Direction for future research and techniques get developed.
What do these studies tell you?
1. Design is a useful approach for gaining background information on a particular topic.
2. Exploratory research is flexible and can address research questions of all types (what, why, how).
3. Provides an opportunity to define new terms and clarify existing concepts.
4. Exploratory research is often used to generate formal hypotheses and develop more precise research problems.
5. Exploratory studies help establish research priorities.
shown in Table 2.1. Mixed research involves the mixing of quantitative and qualitative

Research Questions:
Population ENTIRE GROUP(hospital professionals), Describe the population in great detail (age, gender, race/ethnicity, etc.).
Sampling Frame,??
Clearly describe how the sample will be chosen. random sampling target
population from which it is to be drawn (hospital) sampling
frame, and can be thought of as a list of all the people physicians, nurses, technologists, IT profisionals and adminstritives
sample size 300
Explain the sampling method Quota sampling[edit source | edit]
In quota sampling, the population is first segmented into mutually exclusive sub-groups, just as in stratified sampling. Then judgement is used to select the subjects or units from each segment based on a specified proportion. For example, an interviewer may be told to sample 200 females and 300 males between the age of 45 and 60.
It is this second step which makes the technique one of non-probability sampling. In quota sampling the selection of the sample is non-random. For example interviewers might be tempted to interview those who look most helpful. The problem is that these samples may be biased because not everyone gets a chance of selection. This random element is its greatest weakness and quota versus probability has been a matter of controversy for several years.
(e.g., simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, convenience sampling) and clearly explain the parameters used.

Clearly describe how the sample will be chosen. In quantitative studies, random sampling is nearly ALWAYS better than trying to sample the entire population (which allows for self selection and therefore biasing of your study). See the Sample Size Calculator to determine the appropriate sample size for your population.
Explain the sampling method (e.g., simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, convenience sampling) and clearly explain the parameters used.
Discuss who has been excluded from the sample(employees with less than 3 years experience) and why(coz of their unability to give the required feedback). Over-sampling the population will be applied due to the possibility that 60% will not respond to requests to participate in the study.
Note that your original sample consists of all potential participants you approach to participate; the final sample consists of those who actually DO PARTICIPATE.
Informed Consent and Confidentiality

Participants must give voluntary informed consent to participate in most studies
1. Participants must be informed that they are being asked to participate in a research study,
2. Participants must be provided an explanation of the purposes of the research and the expected duration of their participation,
3. Participants must be given a description of the procedures to be followed and of any experimental procedures must be identified,
4. Participants must be given a description of any reasonably foreseeable risks or discomforts they may experience,
5. Participants must be given a description of any benefits to themselves or others that may reasonably be expected from the results of the study,
6. Appropriate alternative procedures or courses of treatment, if any, that might be advantageous to the subject of an experimental or quasiexperimental study must be disclosed
7. Participants must be given a statement describing the extent, if any, to which confidentiality of records identifying the subject/participant will be maintained
8. For research involving more than minimal risk, participants must be given an explanation about any treatments or compensation if injury occurs and, if so, what they consist of, or where further information may be obtained. (Note: A risk is considered "minimal" when the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the proposed research are not greater, in and of themselves, than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests).
9. Participants must be told whom to contact for answers to pertinent questions about the research and research subjects’/participants’ rights, and whom to contact in the event of a research-related injury
Participants must be given a statement that participation is voluntary, refusal to participate will involve no penalty or loss of benefits to which the subject/participants is otherwise entitled, and the subject/participant may discontinue participation at any time without penalty or loss of benefits to which the subject/participant is otherwise entitled

 

 

research subjects/participants can understand. In addition, the consent form should not contain any exculpatory language. That is, subjects/participants should not be asked to waive (or appear to waive) any of their legal rights, nor should they be asked to release the investigator, sponsor, or institution (or its agents) from liability for negligence.

Data Collection

Describe how data will be collected, including the data coding and input procedures. Was a tape recorder used? Was permission granted to tape record the session? The procedures for collecting data must be thoroughly and clearly stated. Reasons should be provided for the use of the particular procedure of data collection.
Include
1. Technique(s) used and rationale for the technique(s) selected, including a comparison to other technique(s) that could be used, and
2. The type of data to be collected and rationale for the kind of data.

 
Describe how data will be collected, including the data coding and input procedures. Was a tape recorder used? Was permission granted to tape record the session? The procedures for collecting data must be thoroughly and clearly stated. Reasons should be provided for the use of the particular procedure of data collection.
Include
3. Technique(s) used and rationale for the technique(s) selected, including a comparison to other technique(s) that could be used, and
4. The type of data to be collected and rationale for the kind of data.
The discussion must be consistent with, and elaborate upon, the design appropriateness and the dissertation problem statement.

CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODS
The purpose of the qualitative theory research was to examine the
relationships between and among multicultural organizations developing strategies of knowledge management. This chapter will describe
the research method and appropriateness, population, sampling, data collection
procedures and rationale, validity, data analysis, and organization and clarity for the
research.
Research Method and Design Appropriateness
The grounded theory study
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