Survey and Scales

  • Surveys and Scales

PART 1:

Use the Internet to search for examples of surveys and scales with applications to counseling service delivery. One way to do this is to enter search engine key words such as “surveys and scales for family therapy.” Pay particular attention to the reliability and validity properties mentioned in relationship to the scale or survey identified.

In your initial post, describe the surveys and scales you found and analyze and critique them. For each survey or scale you find on a Web site, include the following information:

  • URL of the Web site.
  • Name of the survey or site sponsor.
  • Intended audience for survey.
  • Aim of the survey—What the survey measures.
  • Scoring system—How the survey is scored.
  • Critique of the instrument, discussing its validity and reliability and how it was used in the practice of family therapy.

In addition, post your answer to the following question: How could you use surveys in a research proposal of your own?

Your initial post must be at least 250 words in length, not counting the reference list or a repetition of the discussion topic. Cite your sources in APA 6th edition format.

  • Response Guidelines

PART 2:

Respond to the initial post of at least one other learner and critique his or her survey evaluations. Note any problems dealing with norming, validity, or reliability. Your response should be at least 150 words in length and contain at least one reference to a journal article. Cite your sources in APA 6th edition format.

A survey can be defined as a brief interview or discussion with individuals about a specific topic where information is collected (Sprenkle & Piercy, 2005).  Scales are types of measurements planned to reflect patterns in data collected (Greenstein & Davis, 2013).

The following is a scale indicated through an Internet search utilizing key words surveys and scales for family therapy.  The marital disillusionment scale (MDS).

URL of the Web site:  www.freepatentsonline.com/article/North…/159922637.html

Name of the survey or site sponsor: The name of survey is marital disillusionment scale

Intended audience for survey: The intended audience is social scientists and family therapists

Aim of the survey: The scale directly measures a sense of disillusionment in marriage at one point in time and investigates the causes of marital unhappiness and instability as a way to predict and foresee divorce.

Scoring system:  The scale was measured using Likert scale with 16 statements on a 5 point scale, 1 = Extremely disagree and 5 = Extremely agree. An average score was computed, with higher values indicating a greater sense of disillusionment

The measures used to assess the reliability and validity of the MDS were previously pilot tested.  The Changes in Love Scale, Changes in Ambivalence Scale, Changes in Affectionate Expression Scale, and the Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale were highly reliable. In order to assess the validity of the MDS, the Love and Ambivalence subscales of Braiker and Kelley’s Relationship Questionnaire was adapted for use in the study.  The scale was adapted to assess perceived change over time in feelings of love and ambivalence. This scale was useful in family therapy as it could help aid married couples seeking to identify trouble points in their relationships and with the information work toward improving their relationships.

The following is the survey indicated through an Internet search utilizing key words surveys and scales for family therapy.

URL of the Web site: http://thenadd.org/modal/bulletins/v12n4a1~.htm

Name of the survey or site sponsor: Association for Persons with Developmental Disabilities and Mental Health needs

Intended audience for survey: Family therapy professionals

Aim of the survey: To investigate level of resources and support for families with children with disabilities (CWD) simultaneously diagnosed with a mental health condition versus families with CWD having no co-occurring diagnoses

Scoring system:  The survey packet contained a demographic questionnaire, the Family Resource Scale, the Caregiver Strain Questionnaire, and the Family Crisis Oriented Personal Scales. Independent samples t-test was used to score the surveys.

Critique of the instrument: The Family Resource Scale consisted of 30 questions. The FRS was found to have good internal reliability with a Cronbach’s alpha of .92. The Caregiver Strain Questionnaire included 21 items that assess three dimensions of caregiver strain. The three subscales have good internal reliability with alpha coefficients ranging from .73 to .91. The Family Crisis Oriented Personal Scales included 30 items designed to assess and identify problem solving, coping attitudes, and behavioral strategies.  Each item is measured on a five-point scale ranging from (1) strongly disagree to (5) strongly agree. The F-COPES was found to have good internal reliability with a Cronbach’s alpha of .87.

The ability to understand and utilize surveys and scales is vital in family therapy practices.  The use of surveys is an important method of data collection and is a widely used method.  Although surveys are useful in research, it requires careful planning, flexibility and thoughtful execution to avoid interview bias and establish high reliability and validity (Phillips, 2015).

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